Technical library

Ways of Searching


You can easily search the R3 website using keywords. Try to use discriminating terms that are likely to be found only in the documents you seek. The more words you give, the better results you'll get.


Phrases can be entered using quotation marks, which finds words that appear adjacent to each other. Separate multiple phrases or proper names with commas, eg “Trustee Permission”, “sip 16”.

Upper and lower case

If you search using lowercase or uppercase, results will match words in any case.

Refining a search

Identify a phrase

Think of words which are likely to appear together in the document and place within double quotes:

Before: November 2008 budget
After: "November 2008" budget

The first query is less clear than the second - it could be referring to any November, as well as information about budgets that might refer to some information from November and year 2008, not necessarily connected. The search engine would treat these two cases in distinctly different ways. By identifying "November 2008" as a phrase the search engine will select pages where ‘November’ and ‘2008’ appear side by side.

Add a discriminating word or phrase

Adding a discriminating word or a phrase can also help to eliminate ambiguity in your query.

Before: "November 2008"
After: "November 2008" budget

You'll get less total results with the second query and the documents displayed will be more relevant to your query. To get less matches and an even better relevancy, use more phrases phrases.

Words that should not appear

Before: November
After: November -December

This example, when without -December, has a variety of possible interpretations. For example, return documents that contain November or November and December etc. When adding -December, the results will return only November without the December in the text.

Further Information & Help

If you have experienced technical problems with the search, please contact the membership team at R3.